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  • Pitahaya is a tropical fruit obtained from different species of cacti in the genus Hylocereus.
  • There are two main types of pitahayas: white-fleshed pitahaya and red-fleshed pitahaya. Both have bright, scaly skins.
  • Pitahaya is known for its unique appearance and its sweet, mild flavor.
Fruit Characteristics
  • Size: Pitahaya typically measures between 10 and 20 centimeters (4 to 8 inches) in length.
  • Shape: It is oval or round, with skin that can be pink, yellow, or red, depending on the variety.
  • Flesh: Pitahaya flesh is juicy and smooth, with a sweet and pleasant flavor. In the white-fleshed variety, the flesh is white, while in the red-fleshed variety, it is red or pink.
  • Seeds: Pitahaya contains small black seeds that are edible.
common usses
  • Pitahaya is consumed fresh and used in fruit salads, smoothies, juices, desserts, and cocktails.
  • It can also be eaten on its own by cutting it in half and scooping out the flesh with a spoon.
  • Its striking appearance makes it a popular garnish in dishes and beverages.
  • Pitahaya is appreciated for its sweet flavor and unique appearance. It is a versatile fruit used in a variety of culinary preparations and is valued for its beneficial nutritional profile.
medicinal uses
  • Antioxidant Properties: Dragon fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C and beta-carotenes, which may help combat oxidative stress in the body and protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • Heart Health: Some studies suggest that the antioxidants and dietary fiber in dragon fruit may help reduce the risk of heart disease by controlling cholesterol and blood pressure levels.
  • Digestion: The fiber present in dragon fruit can promote digestion and relieve constipation. Additionally, the small seeds in the pulp can provide an additional source of fiber.
  • Immune System Support: Vitamin C in dragon fruit is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system and may help prevent colds and other illnesses.
  • Hydration: Due to its high water content, dragon fruit can help maintain hydration and prevent dehydration.
  • Healthy Skin: The antioxidants in dragon fruit may contribute to healthier skin and combat signs of aging.
  • Weight Management: Dragon fruit is low in calories and contains fiber, which could be beneficial for those looking to manage their weight.
  • Relief from Heartburn: Some individuals have reported that consuming dragon fruit may help alleviate heartburn and gastric discomfort.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Dragon fruit has been suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties, although further research is needed in this area.

Nutritional Properties (per 100 grams)

  • Calories: Approximately 60 kcal (in the white-fleshed variety) to 60-80 kcal (in the red-fleshed variety)
  • Carbohydrates: About 9-14 grams
  • Fiber: Approximately 1-2 grams
  • Proteins: Around 1-2 grams
  • Fats: Approximately 0.4-0.6 grams
  • Vitamin C: Contains a significant amount of vitamin C, an important antioxidant.
  • Vitamin B: Is a source of B vitamins, such as vitamin B1 (thiamine) and vitamin B2 (riboflavin).
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