Goat meat or goat’s meat is the meat of the domestic goat. The common name for goat meat is simply “goat”, while that from young goats can be called “kid”, capretto (Italian), or cabrito (Spanish and Portuguese). In South Asian and Caribbean cuisine, mutton commonly means goat meat. In South Asia, where mutton curry is popular, “mutton” is used for both goat and lamb meat.
Goat has a reputation for having a strong, gamey flavor, but the taste can also be mild, depending on how it is raised and prepared. Caribbean cultures often prefer meat from mature goats, which tends to be more pungent, while some other cultures prefer meat that comes from younger goats that are six to nine months old. Ribs, loins, and tenderloin goat meat are suitable for quick cooking, while other cuts are best for long braising. Despite being classified as red meat, goat is leaner and contains less cholesterol and fat than both lamb and beef, and less energy than beef or chicken; therefore, it requires low-heat, slow cooking to preserve tenderness and moisture.
Goats consume less forage than beef cattle. A hectare of pasture can sustain 25 goats or more, compared to five steers. A goat may produce 18 kg (40 lb) of meat, which is much less than that of cattle or pigs, often making goats unsuitable for modern meat processors.