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  • Banana: Musa acuminata and Musa x paradisiaca (cultivated variety).
  • Plantain: Musa x paradisiaca (cultivated variety).

Botanical Family:

  • Musaceae.

General Description:

  • Bananas and plantains are tropical herbaceous plants belonging to the genus Musa.

Health Benefits

  • Source of quick energy due to their carbohydrate content.
  • Rich in potassium, which is essential for heart health and blood pressure.
  • Contains vitamin C and vitamin A, beneficial for immune and eye health.
  • Provides dietary fiber, which is beneficial for digestion.
  • Helps maintain muscle and nerve function due to its magnesium content.
  • Can be useful for athletes as a source of carbohydrates and potassium during exercise.

Uses in the Kitchen:

  • Consumed fresh as snack fruits.
    Used in smoothies, shakes, and smoothies.
  • Cooked in a variety of dishes, such as fried plantains, tostones, and roasted ripe plantains.
  • Bananas are also used in baking to make cakes and banana bread.

medicinal uses

1. Digestion: Bananas are a natural source of dietary fiber, which can help regulate bowel movements and prevent constipation. They also contain pectin, which can alleviate symptoms of diarrhea.

2. Instant Energy: Bananas are rich in carbohydrates, especially in the form of natural sugars like glucose, fructose, and sucrose. This makes them an excellent source of quick energy, making them an ideal choice as a snack before or after physical exercise.

3. Potassium: Bananas are one of the best natural sources of potassium, an essential mineral for muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, and cardiovascular health. The potassium in bananas can help prevent muscle cramps.

4. Antioxidants: Bananas contain antioxidants such as vitamin C and other compounds that can help combat damage caused by free radicals in the body and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

5. Digestive Health: In addition to fiber, bananas contain compounds that can stimulate mucus production in the stomach, which can be helpful in protecting the stomach lining against ulcers and reducing stomach acidity.

6. Weight Control: Bananas are a healthy and satiating snack option due to their fiber and carbohydrate content. They can help curb hunger and prevent overconsumption of calories.

7. Mental Health: Bananas are a good source of vitamin B6, which plays a role in the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin. Serotonin is related to mood and can help reduce stress and anxiety.

8. Hydration: Due to their high water content, bananas can assist in hydration, especially in warm climates or after physical exercise.

9. Cardiovascular Health: Potassium and fiber in bananas can contribute to heart health by maintaining blood pressure and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Nutritional Properties (per 100 grams)


  • Calories: 89-122 calories
  • Carbohydrates: 22-31 grams
  • Fiber: 2.3-3.6 grams
  • Sugars: 12-20 grams
  • Vitamin C: 8.7-18.4 mg
  • Vitamin A: 37-540 IU
  • Potassium: 358-499 mg
  • Magnesium: 27-37 mg
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